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The Differences Between MRT, LRT & KRL

Posted At April 9th, 2019

The inauguration of the two newest transportation modes in the capital, namely Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) and Jakarta LRT (Light Rail Transit) was recently done by President Joko Widodo accompanied by Governor Anies Baswedan.

The MRT (referred to as Moda Raya Transportasi) has apparently been initiated for a long time by the former third president of the Republic of Indonesia, namely B.J. Habibie in 1985 and LRT (referred to as Integrated Railroad Railroad) were projects aimed at replacing the stalled monorail project.

Around 2005, during the administration of President Susilo Bambang Yudoyono, the MRT was made a national project and on 28 November 2006 it was followed up with the signing of financing for the Jakarta MRT Project carried out by the Governor of Japan Bank for International Cooperation, Kyosuke Shinozawa and Indonesian Ambassador to Japan Yusuf Anwar.

In 2012, the MRT groundbreaking was carried out by the DKI governor at the time, Fauzi Bowo, while the construction of LRT began in the era of Governor Basuki Tjahaya Purnama, which was around 2015.

Finally, on March 24, 2019, the MRT was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo and followed by the inauguration of the LRT. That is, it has been long enough for the people of Indonesia, especially Jakarta, to wait for the presence of the MRT and LRT.

If previously DKI Jakarta residents were familiar with the mode of electric rail (KRL) or commuterline transportation, the MRT and LRT were something new. However, you know, what is the difference between MRT and LRT and other types of electric train transportation in Indonesia?

The following are some of the differences in MRT, LRT and KRL.

MRT, LRT and KRL Transport Capacities

KRL is designed to facilitate massive and rapid mass transportation. KRL is capable of carrying around 2000 people in one KRL circuit (8-10 cars). That is, the target of passenger transportation in a day is expected to reach 1.2 million people.

The MRT is targeted to be able to transport 1,950 passengers in a series consisting of 6 cars or 173,400 passengers per day.

The LRT can only carry around 600 passengers with a series of 2-4 cars or 360,000 passengers per day.

Why LRT with a small carrying capacity but can carry more mass in one day? This can be possible because there are more LRT operational routes planned than the MRT.

LRT works with the concept of moving more passengers through more route operations.

Technical Differences

In addition to carrying capacity, it turns out that there are other technical differences between MRT, LRT, and KRL, namely on the type of crossing.

KRL operates with an elevated type of railroad track and most of it is a level crossing.

MRT railroad tracks are made elevated and underground without level crossings.

In LRT, the railroad tracks are made only so that level crossing conflicts can be avoided.

Train Manufacturers

KRL and LRT are produced by PT INKA (Railroad Industry) while the MRT is imported directly from Japan (the production of the Sumitomo Corporation company and in collaboration with Nippon Sharyo).

The Operators

MRT is under the control of PT Mass Rapid Transit Jakarta while the KRL is operated by PT Kereta Commuter Indonesia and the LRT will be under the auspices of PT Kereta Api Indonesia.

Easier

Now, the people of Jakarta have many choices of electric-powered train transportation that enable fast and barrier-free transfer. The mode of transportation is expected to make it easier for the wider community to carry out mobility from one place to another.

Remember, let's take care of these valuable assets while adhering to the rules of regulation. Ordering is important for smoothness and safety when you use all three modes of public transportation.

Protect yourself as well as possible so your daily trips and activities are always safe, calm and comfortable.


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